Summary of Cows, missing milk markets and nutrition in rural Ethiopia

ESSP Research Note 28 "Cows, missing milk markets and nutrition in rural Ethiopia" by John Hoddinott, Derek Headey and Mekdim Dereje.

Summary of ESSP Working Paper 63. In rural economies encumbered by significant market imperfections, farming decisions may partly be motivated by nutritional considerations, in addition to income and risk factors. These imperfections create the potential for farm assets to have direct dietary impacts on nutrition in addition to any indirect effects via income. We test this hypothesis for the dairy sector in rural Ethiopia, a context in which markets are very thin, own-consumption shares are very high, and milk is an important source of animal-based proteins and micronutrients for young children. We find that cow ownership raises children’s milk consumption, increases linear growth, and reduces stunting in children by seven to nine percentage points. However, we also find that the direct nutritional impacts of household cow ownership are less important where there is good access to local markets, suggesting that market development can substitute for household cow ownership Download the pdf.

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Structure and Performance of Ethiopia’s Coffee Export Sector

ESSP Working Paper 66. "Structure and Performance of Ethiopia's Coffee Export Sector" by Bart Minten, Seneshaw Tamru, Tadesse Kuma, and Yaw Nyarko.

Abstract: We study the structure and performance of the coffee export sector in Ethiopia, Africa’s most important coffee producer, over the period 2003 to 2013. We find an evolving policy environment leading to structural changes in the export sector, including an elimination of vertical integration for most exporters. Ethiopia’s coffee export earn-ings improved dramatically over this period, i.e. a four-fold real increase. This has mostly been due to increases in international market prices. Quality improved only slightly over time, but the quantity exported increased by 50 percent, seemingly explained by increased domestic supplies as well as reduced local consumption. To further improve export performance, investments to increase the quantities produced and to improve quality are needed, including an increase in washing, certification, and traceability, as these characteristics are shown to be associ-ated with significant quality premiums in international markets. Download the PDF

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ESSP Newsletter April – June 2014

The Ethiopia Strategy Support Program would like to present its quarterly newsletter for the months April - June 2014.
The Newsletter covers:

  • Upcoming eventsESSP_Newsletter_2014Apr-Jun_Page_1
    • “The 12th International Conference on Ethiopian Economy” in collaboration with Ethiopian Economics Association. July 16-19, 2014. EEA conference hall, Addis Ababa.
    • Presentation of the results of the baseline survey for the Feed-the-Future (FtF) program (funded by USAID). June 20th, 2014. ILRI campus, Addis Ababa.
  • List of recent ESSP publications:
    • Efficiency and Productivity Differential Effects of Land Certification Program in Ethiopia. Quasi-experimental Evidence from Tigray. 2014. Hosaena Ghebru Hagos and Stein Holden. ESSP Working Paper 64.
    • Perceptions, impacts and rewards of row planting of teff. 2014. Joachim Vandercasteelen, Mekdim Dereje, Bart Minten, and Alemayehu Seyoum Taffesse. ESSP Working Paper 65.
    • Structure and performance of Ethiopia’s coffee export sector. Bart Minten, Seneshaw Tamru, Tadesse Kuma, Yaw Nyarko.  ESSP Working Paper 66
    • The impact of regional GIS training. April 2014. ESSP Outcome Note 01.
    • The impact of micro-econometrics training. April 2014. ESSP Outcome Note 02.
    • The impact of Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) training. April 2014. ESSP Outcome Note 03.
    • The impact of research on weather index insurance. May 2014. ESSP Outcome Note 04.
    • The impact of research on the Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP). May 2014. ESSP Outcome Note 05.
  • Highlights of presentations in April - June 2014
  • Policy Related Analysis 'Structure and performance of Ethiopia's coffee export sector'
  • and more
    Download the PdF (411KB)

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Inauguration of the IFPRI’s 2020 conference on “Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security” by H.E. Ato Hailemariam Desalegn.

The 2020 Conference held last week in Addis Ababa had a very special guest – the Prime Minister of Ethiopia, the honorable Hailemariam Dessalegn.  He delivered an inspiring speech that cited, among other things, ESSP’s contributions to improving Ethiopia’s resilience to shocks and food insecurity. It was in his inaugural address that credit to IFPRI researchers was recognized, noting that their efforts were “helpful” in  designing systems that strengthened capacity in agricultural research and extension in order to meet people’s needs for both food and income. In addition, the Prime Minister pointed out that IFPRI’s researchers were “continuously improving” the lives of communities, in particular through the Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP).  IFPRI’s Strategy Support Program continues to be perceptive in delivering appropriate research that can transform policies for progressive development of Ethiopia.

For the full video, please click here.

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Weather Insurance in Ethiopia – Lessons Learnt and Way Forward

The Ethiopia Strategy Support Program (ESSP) delivered two sessions at IFPRI’s conference entitled “Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security". One of the topics discussed during the conference was weather-based insurance in Ethiopia. The organizer of the session, Dr. Guush Berhane of IFPRI-ESSP, was quoted in an article on Sci Dev Net entitled "Weather-based insurance for African farmers has issues".  In this issue, Dr. Berhane discusses implementation problems and the product design. Read more.C4785E050D1DA901815B912DC74D91DB


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Perceptions, Impacts and Rewards of Row Planting of Teff

ESSP Working Paper 65 "Perceptions, impacts and rewards of row planting of teff" by Joachim Vandercasteelen*, Mekdim Dereje, Bart Minten, and Alemayehu Seyoum Taffesse.

Abstract:This study analyzes the perceptions, impacts, and rewards of farmers who adopted row planting for the production of teff as a result of being exposed to a technology promotion campaign for row planting of teff in the Oromia region of Ethiopia. Our three main findings are as follows. First, despite a positive attitude towards row planting (and reduced seed rates in general) and a belief in the (large) yield increasing potential of row planting, exposed farmers only put a relatively small part of their plots aside for row planting in the next planting season. This indicates concerns with the additional labor re-quirement and possibly the need for more knowledge and experience with the new technology. Second, by implementing row planting, farmers experienced an increase in teff yield in the first year of implementation, but there was also a sub-stantial increase in labor input requirements. A cost-benefit analysis shows that the increase in teff yield outweighs the cost of the extra labor in the first year of adoption when yields increase by 8 percent or more. Third, suitable mechaniza-tion for row planting would change the cost-benefit picture significantly and is shown to be an investment with possible high returns.  Download the pdf (1000KB).

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ESSP Outcomes Notes

This new series describes the outcome and lasting impact ESSP training and research has had on capacity strengthening and policy-making respectively.   Through ESSP’s work and positive contribution to change, people’s lives are being impacted by varying degrees - whether this is at an individual, organizational or governmental level. Please visit the publications page for the notes.


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2020 Conference

The IFPRI 2020 Conference, will be conducted on May 15-17, 2014 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, at the Sheraton Addis Hotel. It will bring together policymakers, practitioners, and scholars to discuss how resilience can be strengthened for food and nutrition security.

  • More than 140 experts and practitioners are confirmed on the conference program to speak and share their experiences and insights.
  • Key stakeholders in the resilience arena have organized 21 side events to share exciting research initiatives, programs, and tools related to building resilience.

See more at: IFPRI Site

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New IFPRI ESSP Brochure 2014

The Ethiopia Strategy Support Program (ESSP) is a collaborative program undertaken by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and the Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI). Brochure_ESSP_2014_final_Page_1

The new IFPRI ESSP Brochure 2014 summerizes:

  • The Program Objectives
  • Strategic Policy Research Areas
  • Capacity Strengthening and Outreach
  • National Advisory committee
  • Collaboration and Partnerships

Download the PDF (336KB)

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Efficiency and productivity differential effects of land certification program in Ethiopia

ESSP Working Paper 64 "Efficiency and productivity differential effects of land certification program in Ethiopia" by Hagos, Hosaena Ghebru and Holden, Stein

Abstract: Although theory predicts that better property rights to land can increase land productivity through tenure security effects (investment effects) and through more efficient input use due to enhanced tradability of the land (factor intensity effect), empirical studies on the size and magnitude of these effects are very scarce. Taking advantage of a unique quasi-experi-mental survey design, this study analyzes the productivity impacts of the Ethiopian land certification program by identify-ing how the investment effects (technological gains) would measure up against the benefits from any improvements in input use intensity (technical efficiency). For this purpose, we adopted a data envelopment analysis–based Malmquist-type productivity index to decompose productivity differences into (1) within-group farm efficiency differences, reflecting the technical efficiency effect, and (2) differences in the group production frontier, reflecting the long-term investment (technological) effects. The results show that farms without a land use certificate are, on aggregate, less productive than those with formalized use rights. We found no evidence to suggest this productivity difference is due to inferior technical efficiency. Rather, the reason is down to technological advantages, or a favorable investment effect, from which farm plots with a land use certificate benefit when evaluated against farms not included in the certification program. The low level of within-group efficiency of farms in each group reinforces the argument that certification programs need to be ac-companied by complementary measures such as an improved financial and legal institutional framework in order to achieve the promised effects. Download the pdf (1.6 MB).

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