Summary of Perceptions, impacts and rewards of row planting of teff

ESSP Research Note 33."Summary of Perceptions, impacts and rewards of row planting of teff " by Vandercasteelen, Joachim, Dereje, Mekdim, Minten, Bart, Seyoum Taffesse, Alemayehu

Summary of ESSP Working Paper 65. This study analyzes the perceptions, impacts, and rewards for teff farmers who were exposed to a row planting technology promotion campaign in the Oromia region of Ethiopia. There are three main findings: first, despite a positive attitude towards row planting (and reduced seed rates in general) and a belief in the (large) yield increasing potential of row planting, exposed farmers put a relatively small part of their plots aside for row planting in the next planting season. This suggests concerns with the additional labor requirement and possibly the need for more knowledge and experience with the new planting technique. Second, by adopting row planting, farmers experienced an increase in teff yield in the first year of implementation, but there was also a substantial increase in labor input requirements. A cost-benefit analysis shows that the increase in teff yield outweighs the cost of the extra labor in the first year of adoption. Third, suitable mechanization for row planting would change the cost-benefit picture significantly and suggests this may be an investment with high returns. Download the pdf.

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Summary of Efficiency and productivity differential effects of the land certification program in Ethiopia

ESSP Research Note 32."Summary of Efficiency and productivity differential effects of the land certification program in Ethiopia" by Hagos, Hosaena Ghebru, Holden, Stein

Summary of ESSP Working Paper 64. Although theory predicts that better property rights to land can increase land productivity through tenure security effects (investment effects) and through more efficient input use due to enhanced tradability of the land (factor intensity effect), empirical studies on the size and magnitude of these effects are very scarce. Taking advantage of a unique quasi-experimental survey design, this study analyzes the productivity impacts of the Ethiopian land certification program by identifying how the investment effects (technological gains) would measure up against the benefits from any improve-ments in input use intensity (technical efficiency). For this purpose, we adopted a data envelopment analysis–based Malmquist-type productivity index to decompose productivity differences into (1) within-group farm efficiency differences, reflecting the technical efficiency effect, and (2) differences in the group production frontier, reflecting the long-term in-vestment (technological) effects. Download the pdf.

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Summary of Hydrological modeling of sustainable land management interventions in the Mizewa watershed of the Blue Nile Basin

ESSP Research Note 31."Summary of Hydrological modeling of sustainable land management interventions in the Mizewa watershed of the Blue Nile Basin " by Schmidt, Emily, Zemadim, Birhanu

Summary of ESSP Working Paper 61. This analysis utilizes recent hydrological and meteorological data collected from the Mizewa watershed in Fogera woreda in order to better understand the physical impact of sustainable land and watershed management (SLWM) investments. The effectiveness of the simulated conservation practices (terraces, bunds, and residue management) are evaluated using the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model taking into account investment decisions on different terrain types.
Simulations compare the limited investments that currently exist with increases in terracing and residue management activities within the watershed. The results suggest mixed impacts on surface run-off and erosion depending on terrain and management practices. However, the type and amount of investment (and therefore costs) in SLWM have different implications with respect to labor input and utilization of agricultural land, and the consequent socio-economic effects on households.. Download the pdf.

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Summary of Determinants and impact of sustainable land and watershed management investments

ESSP Research Note 30."Summary of Determinants and impact of sustainable land and watershed management investments " by Schmidt, Emily, Chinowsky, Paul, Robinson, Sherman, Strzepek, Kenneth M.

Summary of ESSP Working Paper 62. Ongoing debate over water resource management and land degradation suggests a need for efficient sustainable land management mechanisms to improve agricultural output in the Blue Nile basin in Ethiopia. Numerous econometric and hydrological models have been developed to assess the effects of sustainable land and watershed management (SLWM) investments. However, these models fail to address the trade-offs faced by rural farmers in maintaining such structures. This study combines household survey data that evaluates the economic determinants of program sustainability with a detailed hydrological model that explores location specific effects of SLWM structures. Simulations suggest that more comprehensive investments (such as SLWM with increased fertilizer application) may reap more economically significant increases in household income. Cost benefit analysis suggests that a packaged investment approach is needed in order to outweigh the opportunity costs (foregone labor, particularly) of investing in SLWM infrastructure at farm level. Download the pdf.

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SUMMARY OF STRUCTURE AND PERFORMANCE OF ETHIOPIA’S COFFEE EXPORT SECTOR

ESSP Research Note 29."SUMMARY OF STRUCTURE AND PERFORMANCE OF ETHIOPIA’S COFFEE EXPORT SECTOR" by Minten, Bart, Tamru, Seneshaw, Kuma, Tadesse, Nyarko,Yaw

Summary of ESSP Working Paper 66. We study the structure and performance of the coffee export sector in Ethiopia, Africa’s most important coffee producer, over the period 2003 to 2013. We find an evolving policy environment that leads to structural changes in the export sector, including an elimination of vertical integration for most exporters. Ethiopia’s coffee export earnings increased four-fold in real terms over this period. This increase has mostly been due to changes in international market prices. The quality of coffee improved only slightly over this time, but the quantity exported increased by 50 percent, explained by both higher domestic supplies and reduced local consumption. To further progress coffee export performance, investments to increase the quantities produced and to improve quality are needed, including an increase in washing, certification, and traceability, as these characteristics are shown to be associated with significant quality premiums in international markets. Download the pdf.

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19th Annual Conference of the Africa Region Chapter of the Econometrics Society and the12th International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy

The Ethiopian Economics Association and the African Econometric Society conducted their "Twelfth International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy and Nineteenth Annual Conference of the Africa Region Chapter of the Econometrics Society" respectively with IFPRI/ESSP from July 16-19, 2014 at the EEA Conference Center, Addis Ababa. The conference was hosted for four consecutive days and more than 120 presentations related to the continent's economy were presented in four plenary and seven parallel sessions.  The conference was attended by a total of 1450 people in four days.

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Summary of Cows, missing milk markets and nutrition in rural Ethiopia

ESSP Research Note 28 "Cows, missing milk markets and nutrition in rural Ethiopia" by John Hoddinott, Derek Headey and Mekdim Dereje.

Summary of ESSP Working Paper 63. In rural economies encumbered by significant market imperfections, farming decisions may partly be motivated by nutritional considerations, in addition to income and risk factors. These imperfections create the potential for farm assets to have direct dietary impacts on nutrition in addition to any indirect effects via income. We test this hypothesis for the dairy sector in rural Ethiopia, a context in which markets are very thin, own-consumption shares are very high, and milk is an important source of animal-based proteins and micronutrients for young children. We find that cow ownership raises children’s milk consumption, increases linear growth, and reduces stunting in children by seven to nine percentage points. However, we also find that the direct nutritional impacts of household cow ownership are less important where there is good access to local markets, suggesting that market development can substitute for household cow ownership Download the pdf.

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Structure and Performance of Ethiopia’s Coffee Export Sector

ESSP Working Paper 66. "Structure and Performance of Ethiopia's Coffee Export Sector" by Bart Minten, Seneshaw Tamru, Tadesse Kuma, and Yaw Nyarko.

Abstract: We study the structure and performance of the coffee export sector in Ethiopia, Africa’s most important coffee producer, over the period 2003 to 2013. We find an evolving policy environment leading to structural changes in the export sector, including an elimination of vertical integration for most exporters. Ethiopia’s coffee export earn-ings improved dramatically over this period, i.e. a four-fold real increase. This has mostly been due to increases in international market prices. Quality improved only slightly over time, but the quantity exported increased by 50 percent, seemingly explained by increased domestic supplies as well as reduced local consumption. To further improve export performance, investments to increase the quantities produced and to improve quality are needed, including an increase in washing, certification, and traceability, as these characteristics are shown to be associ-ated with significant quality premiums in international markets. Download the PDF

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ESSP Newsletter April – June 2014

The Ethiopia Strategy Support Program would like to present its quarterly newsletter for the months April - June 2014.
The Newsletter covers:

  • Upcoming eventsESSP_Newsletter_2014Apr-Jun_Page_1
    • “The 12th International Conference on Ethiopian Economy” in collaboration with Ethiopian Economics Association. July 16-19, 2014. EEA conference hall, Addis Ababa.
    • Presentation of the results of the baseline survey for the Feed-the-Future (FtF) program (funded by USAID). June 20th, 2014. ILRI campus, Addis Ababa.
  • List of recent ESSP publications:
    • Efficiency and Productivity Differential Effects of Land Certification Program in Ethiopia. Quasi-experimental Evidence from Tigray. 2014. Hosaena Ghebru Hagos and Stein Holden. ESSP Working Paper 64.
    • Perceptions, impacts and rewards of row planting of teff. 2014. Joachim Vandercasteelen, Mekdim Dereje, Bart Minten, and Alemayehu Seyoum Taffesse. ESSP Working Paper 65.
    • Structure and performance of Ethiopia’s coffee export sector. Bart Minten, Seneshaw Tamru, Tadesse Kuma, Yaw Nyarko.  ESSP Working Paper 66
    • The impact of regional GIS training. April 2014. ESSP Outcome Note 01.
    • The impact of micro-econometrics training. April 2014. ESSP Outcome Note 02.
    • The impact of Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) training. April 2014. ESSP Outcome Note 03.
    • The impact of research on weather index insurance. May 2014. ESSP Outcome Note 04.
    • The impact of research on the Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP). May 2014. ESSP Outcome Note 05.
  • Highlights of presentations in April - June 2014
  • Policy Related Analysis 'Structure and performance of Ethiopia's coffee export sector'
  • and more
    Download the PdF (411KB)

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Inauguration of the IFPRI’s 2020 conference on “Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security” by H.E. Ato Hailemariam Desalegn.

The 2020 Conference held last week in Addis Ababa had a very special guest – the Prime Minister of Ethiopia, the honorable Hailemariam Dessalegn.  He delivered an inspiring speech that cited, among other things, ESSP’s contributions to improving Ethiopia’s resilience to shocks and food insecurity. It was in his inaugural address that credit to IFPRI researchers was recognized, noting that their efforts were “helpful” in  designing systems that strengthened capacity in agricultural research and extension in order to meet people’s needs for both food and income. In addition, the Prime Minister pointed out that IFPRI’s researchers were “continuously improving” the lives of communities, in particular through the Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP).  IFPRI’s Strategy Support Program continues to be perceptive in delivering appropriate research that can transform policies for progressive development of Ethiopia.


For the full video, please click here.

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