Synopsis: Teff: Nutrient Composition and Health Benefits

ESSP Research Note 34."Summary of Teff: Nutrient compostion and health benefits " by Baye, Kaleab

Summary of ESSP Working Paper 67. Teff (Eragrostis tef), has been cultivated and used for human consumption in Ethiopia for centuries. However, teff’s global use for human consumption has been restrained partly due to limited knowledge about its nutrient composition and the processing challenges faced in making teff-based food products. Over the past decade, teff’s gluten-free property has raised global interest. Consequently, literature on the nutritional composition, processing quality, and health benefits of teff has grown considerably. Compared to grain of other more common cereals, teff is superior in its nutrient composition. Its starch is slowly digestible; it is a good source of unsaturated fatty acids; and it is high in fiber and minerals, especially iron and calcium. Download the pdf.

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2014 Global Hunger Index

Global_Hunger_Index_2014_240The 2014 Global Hunger Index (GHI) report—the ninth in an annual series—presents a multidimensional measure of national, regional, and global hunger. It shows that the world has made progress in reducing hunger since 1990, but still has far to go, with levels of hunger remaining “alarming” or “extremely alarming” in 16 countries.

This year’s report focuses on a critical aspect of hunger that is often overlooked: hidden hunger. Also known as micronutrient deficiency, hidden hunger affects more than an estimated 2 billion people globally. The repercussions of these vitamin and mineral deficiencies are both serious and long-lasting. Where hidden hunger has taken root, it not only prevents people from surviving and thriving as productive members of society, it also holds countries back in a cycle of poor nutrition, poor health, lost productivity, persistent poverty, and reduced economic growth.

For the full report please visit IFPRI.ORG

 

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Teff: Nutrient Composition and Health Benefits

ESSP Working Paper 67. "Teff: Nutrient composition and health benefits" by Kaleab Baye

Abstract: Teff (Eragrostis tef), has been cultivated and used for human consumption in Ethiopia for centuries. However, teff’s global use for human consumption has been restrained partly due to limited knowledge about its nutrient composition and the processing challenges faced in making teff-based food products. Over the past decade, the recognition that teff is gluten-free has raised global interest. Consequently, literature on the nutritional composition, processing quality, and health benefits of teff has grown considerably. The existing literature suggests that teff is composed of complex carbohydrates with slowly digestible starch. Teff has a similar protein content to other more common cereals like wheat, but is relatively richer than other cereals in the essential amino acid lysine. Teff is also a good source of essential fatty acids, fiber, minerals (especially calcium and iron), and phytochemicals such as polyphenols and phytates. Download the PDF

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ESSP Newsletter July – September 2014

The Ethiopia Strategy Support Program would like to present its quarterly newsletter for the months July - September 2014.
The Newsletter covers:

  • Upcoming eventsESSP_Newsletter_2014Jul-Sept_Page_1
    • “Improving nutrition in Ethiopia: How can bio-fortified crops play a role?” organized by Harvest Plus and EIAR, with support by ESSP. October 1-3, 2014. Ellily Hotel, Addis Ababa.
    • 15th Annual Conference of AESE on ‘Performance of the Ethiopian agriculture
      in the face of climate change: Development challenges and options’.
      November 27-28, 2014, Addis Ababa (venue to be confirmed)
  • List of recent ESSP publications:
    • Structure and performance of Ethiopia’s coffee export sector. 2014. Bart Minten, Seneshaw Tamru, Tadesse Kuma, and Yaw Nyarko. ESSP Working Paper 66 and  ESSP Research Note 29.
    • Determinants and impact of sustainable land and watershed management investments. 2014. Emily Schmidt, Paul Chinowsk, Sherman Robinson, and Ken Strzepek. ESSP Research Note 30.
    • Hydrological modeling of sustainable land management interventions in the Mizewa watershed of the Blue Nile Basin. 2014. Emily Schmidt and Birhanu Zemadim. ESSP Research Note 31.
    • Efficiency and productivity differential effects of the land certification program in Ethiopia. 2014. Hosaena Ghebru Hagos and Stein Holden. ESSP Research Note 32.
    • Perceptions, impacts and rewards of row planting of teff. 2014. Joachim Vandercasteelen, Mekdim Dereje, Bart Minten and Alemayehu Seyoum Taffesse. ESSP Research Note 33.
  • Highlights of presentations in July - September 2014
  • Policy Related Analysis 'Teff: its nutrition and
    health benefits'.
  • and more
    Download the PDF (33KB)

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Summary of Perceptions, impacts and rewards of row planting of teff

ESSP Research Note 33."Summary of Perceptions, impacts and rewards of row planting of teff " by Vandercasteelen, Joachim, Dereje, Mekdim, Minten, Bart, Seyoum Taffesse, Alemayehu

Summary of ESSP Working Paper 65. This study analyzes the perceptions, impacts, and rewards for teff farmers who were exposed to a row planting technology promotion campaign in the Oromia region of Ethiopia. There are three main findings: first, despite a positive attitude towards row planting (and reduced seed rates in general) and a belief in the (large) yield increasing potential of row planting, exposed farmers put a relatively small part of their plots aside for row planting in the next planting season. This suggests concerns with the additional labor requirement and possibly the need for more knowledge and experience with the new planting technique. Second, by adopting row planting, farmers experienced an increase in teff yield in the first year of implementation, but there was also a substantial increase in labor input requirements. A cost-benefit analysis shows that the increase in teff yield outweighs the cost of the extra labor in the first year of adoption. Third, suitable mechanization for row planting would change the cost-benefit picture significantly and suggests this may be an investment with high returns. Download the pdf.

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Summary of Efficiency and productivity differential effects of the land certification program in Ethiopia

ESSP Research Note 32."Summary of Efficiency and productivity differential effects of the land certification program in Ethiopia" by Hagos, Hosaena Ghebru, Holden, Stein

Summary of ESSP Working Paper 64. Although theory predicts that better property rights to land can increase land productivity through tenure security effects (investment effects) and through more efficient input use due to enhanced tradability of the land (factor intensity effect), empirical studies on the size and magnitude of these effects are very scarce. Taking advantage of a unique quasi-experimental survey design, this study analyzes the productivity impacts of the Ethiopian land certification program by identifying how the investment effects (technological gains) would measure up against the benefits from any improve-ments in input use intensity (technical efficiency). For this purpose, we adopted a data envelopment analysis–based Malmquist-type productivity index to decompose productivity differences into (1) within-group farm efficiency differences, reflecting the technical efficiency effect, and (2) differences in the group production frontier, reflecting the long-term in-vestment (technological) effects. Download the pdf.

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Summary of Hydrological modeling of sustainable land management interventions in the Mizewa watershed of the Blue Nile Basin

ESSP Research Note 31."Summary of Hydrological modeling of sustainable land management interventions in the Mizewa watershed of the Blue Nile Basin " by Schmidt, Emily, Zemadim, Birhanu

Summary of ESSP Working Paper 61. This analysis utilizes recent hydrological and meteorological data collected from the Mizewa watershed in Fogera woreda in order to better understand the physical impact of sustainable land and watershed management (SLWM) investments. The effectiveness of the simulated conservation practices (terraces, bunds, and residue management) are evaluated using the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model taking into account investment decisions on different terrain types.
Simulations compare the limited investments that currently exist with increases in terracing and residue management activities within the watershed. The results suggest mixed impacts on surface run-off and erosion depending on terrain and management practices. However, the type and amount of investment (and therefore costs) in SLWM have different implications with respect to labor input and utilization of agricultural land, and the consequent socio-economic effects on households.. Download the pdf.

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Summary of Determinants and impact of sustainable land and watershed management investments

ESSP Research Note 30."Summary of Determinants and impact of sustainable land and watershed management investments " by Schmidt, Emily, Chinowsky, Paul, Robinson, Sherman, Strzepek, Kenneth M.

Summary of ESSP Working Paper 62. Ongoing debate over water resource management and land degradation suggests a need for efficient sustainable land management mechanisms to improve agricultural output in the Blue Nile basin in Ethiopia. Numerous econometric and hydrological models have been developed to assess the effects of sustainable land and watershed management (SLWM) investments. However, these models fail to address the trade-offs faced by rural farmers in maintaining such structures. This study combines household survey data that evaluates the economic determinants of program sustainability with a detailed hydrological model that explores location specific effects of SLWM structures. Simulations suggest that more comprehensive investments (such as SLWM with increased fertilizer application) may reap more economically significant increases in household income. Cost benefit analysis suggests that a packaged investment approach is needed in order to outweigh the opportunity costs (foregone labor, particularly) of investing in SLWM infrastructure at farm level. Download the pdf.

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SUMMARY OF STRUCTURE AND PERFORMANCE OF ETHIOPIA’S COFFEE EXPORT SECTOR

ESSP Research Note 29."SUMMARY OF STRUCTURE AND PERFORMANCE OF ETHIOPIA’S COFFEE EXPORT SECTOR" by Minten, Bart, Tamru, Seneshaw, Kuma, Tadesse, Nyarko,Yaw

Summary of ESSP Working Paper 66. We study the structure and performance of the coffee export sector in Ethiopia, Africa’s most important coffee producer, over the period 2003 to 2013. We find an evolving policy environment that leads to structural changes in the export sector, including an elimination of vertical integration for most exporters. Ethiopia’s coffee export earnings increased four-fold in real terms over this period. This increase has mostly been due to changes in international market prices. The quality of coffee improved only slightly over this time, but the quantity exported increased by 50 percent, explained by both higher domestic supplies and reduced local consumption. To further progress coffee export performance, investments to increase the quantities produced and to improve quality are needed, including an increase in washing, certification, and traceability, as these characteristics are shown to be associated with significant quality premiums in international markets. Download the pdf.

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1st African Meeting of the Econometric Society and 12th International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy take place in July

The Ethiopian Economics Association (EEA) and the Econometric Society conducted their 12th International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy and 1st African Meeting of the Econometric Society, repectively, from July 16 to 19, 2014 at the EEA Conference Center in Addis Ababa. The conferences were co-organized by EEA, the outgoing African Econometric Society, the incoming Africa Region of the Econometric Society, and IFPRI/ESSP. More than 120 presentations related to the continent's economy were made in four plenary and 28 parallel sessions. The conference was attended by 1450 people over the four days.

IFPRI/ESSP supported the conferences by providing funds, assisting with coordination, and presenting 17 papers on four major themes: “the Economics of Teff,” “the Coffee Economy of Ethiopia,” “Determinants of Nutritional Outcomes,” and “Shocks, Safety Nets, and Agricultural Transformation”.

All presentations were very well received. Some of the specific subjects raised by ESSP include:

You can find all the presentations at Slideshare.

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